International Research Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International&nbsp;&nbsp;Research Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/IRJGH/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of&nbsp;‘Gastroenterology and Hepatology’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> International Research Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology en-US International Research Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology A Rare Complication after Liver Biopsy; Septic Shock Secondary to Hemobilia <p>The “Type of Article” of this paper is “Letter to the Editor”. This paper discuses about: “A Rare Complication after Liver Biopsy; Septic Shock Secondary to Hemobilia”. No formal abstract is available. Readers are requested to read the full article.</p> Gulhan Kanat Unler ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-16 2020-07-16 17 19 Acute Intestinal Obstruction on a Spontaneous Intra-Parietal Hematoma: Rare Complication Induced by Anti-coagulant Therapy <p>The acute bowel occlusion for the small intestine parietal hematoma due to anticoagulant treatment or vitamin K antagonists (VKA) is a rare pathology. Few cases have been reported in literature. The often clinical presentation is an acute abdomen. The evolution under medical treatment (conservative treatment) is favorable. In few cases, there is a persistance of occlusion and the surgical treatment is indicated. We report a case of a 67 year old male patient, known to have valvulopathy under VKA, who presented an intestinal occlusion due to parietal hematoma discovered on abdominal CT and who benefited medical treatment with a favorable evolution.</p> Mounir Bouali Issam Hamrerras Abdoulaye Harouna Bonkoukou Abdelillah El. Bakouri Fatimazahra Bensardi Khalid El. Hattabi Abdelaziz Fadil ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-06-02 2020-06-02 1 5 Thoracic Empyema Revealing a Fistulized Splenic Abscess: A Rare Case <p>Subphrenic abscesses, like the splenic abscess, is a collection of infectious origin. It is rare and potentially severe due to local complications. Its diagnosis is difficult given the variable clinical symptomatology. The abdominal computed tomography poses the diagnosis with certainty. It requires emergency medical and surgical treatment. We report the case of a patient with a splenic abscess discovered fortuitously following the radiological exploration of thoracic empyema. The surgical procedure consisted of a total splenectomy with suture of the diaphragmatic fistula and chest drainage of the empyema. The postoperative suites were favourable after 2-year of follow-up.</p> <p>The splenic abscess is a cause of thoracic empyema and its rupture through a diaphragmatic breach remains a rare etiology, requiring emergency medical and surgical management.</p> Hamza El Kihal Issam Hamrerras Hajar Arfaoui Hasna Jabri Wiam El Khattabi Hicham Afif Mounir Bouali Abdelillah El Bakouri Fatimazahra Bensardi Khalid El Hattabi Abdelaziz Fadil ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-06-04 2020-06-04 6 10 Hepatitis B Infection among Commercial Sex Workers in Lyantonde Town, Central Uganda: Prevalence, Knowledge and Practices <p><strong>Aims: </strong>The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B infection among female commercial sex workers in Lyantonde town.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong>&nbsp; A cross sectional study was conducted.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The study was carried out in Lyantonde town, Lyantonde district, central Uganda, from November 2019 to January 2020.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Included were 207 consented commercial sex workers operating in Lyantonde town at the time of the study. A structured questionnaire was administered to collect information on bio-data, knowledge on hepatitis B infection and practices. Blood samples were then collected and transported to Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital Laboratory for analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Hepatitis B prevalence of 12.6% was established among the commercial sex workers. 207 participants with a mean age of 26±3.801 were studied. 28.0% were married, 30.4% cohabiting, 12.1% single and 29.5% divorced. 15.0% had no formal education, 28.5% had primary level education and 56.5% had secondary level education. 60.4% lived on less than one dollar a day.</p> <p>All the participants had ever heard of hepatitis B infection. 95.6% had awareness of its sexual transmission, 44.9% knew it spreads through sharing sharps, 4.8% had awareness of mother to child transmission during child birth and 38.6% thought the disease is unpreventable.</p> <p>Thirty-five-point seven percent (35.7%) had ever tested for the disease but none vaccinated. All the participants reported irregular condom use during sex and non-confessed to intravenous or illicit drug use. 61.8% expressed desire to giving birth at home and not a hospital.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Hepatitis B infection at 12.6% is highly prevalent among female commercial sex workers in Lyantonde town majority of whom are unaware of their status and do not consistently practice safe sex e.g. condom use. A targeted testing and vaccination program including prevention awareness campaigns could go a long way in keeping this marginalized population safe.</p> Erick Thokerunga Akatujuna Asumprisio Semakula Dennis Abomugisha Innocent Yikita Derrick Simon Peter Rugera Gilbert Akankwatsa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 11 16