National Emergency Laparotomy Audit (NELA) in a District General Hospital, Northern Ireland

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Grace Hui Chin Lim
Kealan McLaughlin
Joanne Hui Yee Lim
Bryan Chang Wei Lim
Dafalla Elamin
Mohi Babiker
Gerarde McArdle


Emergency laparotomy Audit is the facility that helps to take care of patients in their adverse conditions with the help of advanced medical facilities and tried to cure them every aspect.

Aim: We measured our patient outcomes regarding 30-day mortality rate and morbidity post emergency laparotomies performed in Daisyhill Hospital, Newry and compared it to NELA (National Emergency Laparotomy Audit). This is to identify the reasons in our DGH (Daisyhill Hospital) for the better or worse outcome performance to improve patient care.

Methods: This audit is carried out over a two years duration from August 2015 to August 2017. Data were collected from the theatre log, surgeons log, secretarial operation notes log and Northern Ireland Electronic Care Record. Inclusion and exclusion criteria of patients were met as set out by NELA. 

Results: Total number of patients included in the audit is 112. Out of 112, 53 patients are female, and 59 are male. The median age is 65.5-year-old with a range from 19 to 87 years old. The 30-day mortality rate is 7.1% (n=8) which is 1.5 times lower than the national 30-day mortality rate. 90-day mortality rate is 0.9% (n=1).  

Conclusion: Our unit is performing well compared to NELA patient outcomes regarding 30-day mortality rate post emergency laparotomy. We would recommend detailed data collection including the time of day of operation, ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologist) grading and p-possum score.

Laparotomies, ASA grading, secretarial operation, mortality rate, p-possum score

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How to Cite
Lim, G., McLaughlin, K., Hui Yee Lim, J., Lim, B., Elamin, D., Babiker, M., & McArdle, G. (2019). National Emergency Laparotomy Audit (NELA) in a District General Hospital, Northern Ireland. International Research Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 2(1), 1-6. Retrieved from
Original Research Article